ECN publicatie:
Using the benchmarking covenant for allocating emission allowances: are we still moving ahead? An inquiry into policy effectiveness
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Beleidsstudies 1-6-2005
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-RX--05-128 Artikel wetenschap tijdschrift
Aantal pagina's:

Gepubliceerd in: The Handbook of environmental voluntary agreements, Design,Implementation and Evaluation Issues, Series: Environmen (), , , Vol., p.-.


Environmental voluntary agreements (VAs) between regulators and polluters are becoming an increasingly relevant environmental policy instrument, thanks to their flexibility and consensual character. These agreements can assume a wide variety of forms and aims. Efficiency conditions and effectiveness in their use depend on their design, rules of implementation and framework conditions.

The book provides a comprehensive economic theory and analysis of environmental voluntary agreements, which takes into account the variety of forms and application situations characterizing this environmental policy instrument. Common methodologies, implementation rules and evaluation criteria for researchers, policy makers and business operators in the use of environmental voluntary agreements are discussed.

Case analysis complements the theoretical analysis. A European and an American app

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