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ECN publicatie:
Evaluation of hybrid silica sols for stable microporous membranes using high-throughput screening
Kreiter, R.; Rietkerk, M.D.A.; Castricum, H.L.; Veen, H.M. van; Elshof, J.E. ten; Vente, J.F.
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Efficiency & Infrastructure 25-3-2011
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-W--11-017 Artikel wetenschap tijdschrift
Aantal pagina's:

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology (Springer Netherlands), , 2011, Vol.57, p.245-252.

Microporous membranes are a promising option for energy-efficient molecular separations. Longterm hydrothermal stability of the membrane material is of prime importance for several industrial processes. Here, a short overview of silica-based membrane materials and their hydrothermal stability is presented. Following this, the development of a series of organic–inorganic hybrid silica sols is described, based on a,x-bis(triethoxysilyl)- precursors with bridging methane, thane, propane, and benzene groups. High-throughput screening was used to scan a range of sol parameters, followed by membrane preparation from the most promising sols. These organic– inorganic hybrid silica (HybSi) membranes were used in dewatering of lower alcohols by ervaporation. Separation factors up to 200 were found for ethanol/water mixtures, and up to 23 for methanol/water mixtures. Modest permselectivity values for hydrogen over nitrogen were found, ranging up to 20.7 for the shortest bridging group. It was concluded that the length of the organic bridge has a clear effect on the pore size distribution and the selectivity of the membrane.

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