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ECN publicatie:
Wafer-based crystalline silicon modules at 1 Euro/Wp: final results from the CrystalClear integrated project
Sinke, W.C.; Hooff, W.M.G. van; Coletti, G.; Ehlen, B.E.; Hahn, G.; Reber, S.; John, J.; Beaucarne, G. ; Kerschaver, E. van; Wild - Scholten, M.J. de; Metz, A.
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Zonne-energie 21-9-2009
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-M--09-034 Conferentiebijdrage
Aantal pagina's: Volledige tekst:
13 Download PDF  (1629kB)

Gepresenteerd op: 24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Hamburg, Germany, 21-25 september 2009.

CrystalClear was an EU co-financed Integrated Project aimed at developing technology for wafer-based silicon solar modules at 1 € per watt-peak manufacturing costs and a strongly improved environmental profile. The project consortium has selected a number of technologies that potentially comply with these aims as well as research that serves as basis for further developments (beyond the project aims). These technologies have been demonstrated in the form of demonstrators, i.e. full-size modules featuring all innovations necessary to comply with the aims. The project has shown that wafer-based multicrystalline-silicon solar modules can be produced at 1 € per watt-peak at a world-record efficiency of 16% and an energy pay-back time of less than 2 years in Southern Europe

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