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ECN publicatie:
Energy efficiency obligations in the Netherlands - a role for white certificates?
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Beleidsstudies 14-10-2009
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-E--09-045 ECN rapport
Aantal pagina's: Volledige tekst:
28 Download PDF  (130kB)

The Netherlands have introduced ambitious energy and climate policy, but additional instruments will be necessary to achieve the targets. This paper tries to answer the question whether energy efficiency obligations might be introduced and which lessons can be learned from Denmark, France, Italy and the United Kingdom based on their experiences with utility obligations (also called white certificates). The conclusion is that, potentially, they provide a useful contribution to the Netherlands’ toolbox of energy policy instruments.

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