ECN publicatie:
Biomass Pyrolysis for Hybrid Biorefineries
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN Biomass & Energy Efficiency 23-6-2015
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-B--15-006 Boek(hoofdstuk)
Aantal pagina's: Volledige tekst:
32 Download PDF  (3969kB)

Gepubliceerd in: Industrial Biorefineries and White Biotechnology, 341, 368, 978-0-444-63453-5, Elsevier B.V..

Biomass such as lignocellulose (e.g., woods and grasses) and aquatic resources (e.g., seaweeds and microalgae) is the only renewable carbon source for the production of chemicals, materials, and fuels. Decreasing fossil resources, global warming, and environmentalpollution associated with the use of fossil fuels are growing incentives for the transition to renewable energy including solar, wind, hydrogeothermal, and biomass. Biomass is particularly suited as an abundant, low-cost feedstock for the production of biobased chemicals, fuels, and energy to substitute fossil resources. Although the global biomass resources alone might be insufficient to accommodate the world’s ever-increasing power needs, it can provide carbon-containing raw materials because its unique composition makes it especially suitable for the extraction of value-added chemicals and materials that can replace petrochemicals including fuels. Analogous to the processing of fossil oil in an oil refinery, a biorefinery uses different types of biomass feedstocks that are processed via different technologies into heat, power, and various products. The biorefinery is self-sustainable with respect to heat and power and puts no burden on the environment. The pyrolysis-based processes that are described in this chapter can play an important role in biorefineries, either as a central processing unit or as a more peripheral unit, to process biorefinery side streams.

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