ECN publicatie:
An HTR cogeneration system for industrial applications
Gepubliceerd door: Publicatie datum:
ECN NUC 1999
ECN publicatienummer: Publicatie type:
ECN-RX--99-001 Artikel wetenschap tijdschrift
Aantal pagina's:

Gepubliceerd in: Contribution to the IAEA Technical Committee Meeting (TCM) on Safety Related Design and Economic Aspects of High Temperature Gas (), , , Vol., p.-.

Because of its favourable characteristics of safety and simplicity thehigh-temperature reactor (HTR) could become a competitive heat source for a cogeneration unit. The Netherlands is a world leading country in the field of cogeneration. As nuclear energy remains an option for the medium and long term in this country, systems for nuclear cogeneration should be explored and developed. Hence, ECN Nuclear Research is developing a conceptual design of an HTR for Combined generation of Heat and Power (CHP) for the industry in and outside the Netherlands. The design of this small CHP-unit for industrial applications is mainly based on a pre-feasibility study in 1996, performed by a joint working group of five Dutch organisations, in which technical feasibility was shown. The concept that was subject of that study, INCOGEN, used a 40 MW thermal pebble bed HTR and produced a maximum amount of electricity plus low temperature heat. The system has been improved to produce industrial quality heat, and has been renamed ACACIA. The output of this installation is 14 MW electricity and 17 tonnes of steam per hour, with a pressure of 10 bar and a temperature of 220C. The economic characteristics of this installation turned out to be much more favourable using modern cost data. 15 refs.

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